ADAM HAWKES, son of JOHN HAWKES, was baptized Jan. 26, 1605/06 at St. Andrews Church, Hingham, Norfolk, England, according to the Parish register there. ADAM was the first infant to be baptized by the newly installed Rector, Robert Peck. The ancient baptismal font is no longer in use but in the church one can still see "a wooden ball", the only remnant of an ancient Font cover. The church is one of great antiquity. It is known that Remigius de Hethersette, Rector from 1316 to 1359 was responsible for its construction. The tower stands 120 feet high. The glass in the east window is medieval but was not installed until the 19th century. There are eight bells in the tower, the oldest of which was cast in 1450.
Hingham was a small town of ancient origin located 97 miles northeast of London, in Norfolk county in a part of England formerly known as East Anglia. It lies about 14 miles west of Norwich, now the capital of Norfolk. It was an agricultural community during ADAM's time, with lush fields and its own market place. Yet it had a small population.
In the early centuries the area of Norfolk and neighboring Suffolk experienced invasion by Viking Norsemen, and in 1066 was invaded by William the Conqueror. Over the centuries there was much change in the ethnic makeup of the area. During the 16th century, in Elizabethan times, many Heguenots and Walloons came across the North Sea to East Anglia. All of these changes probably played a part in ADAM's decision to leave that country for America.
ADAM HAWKES came to America with the Winthrop Fleet in 1630, probably on the ship Arbella. Originally there were to have been eight ships sailing together from England. The Arbella was the first to cast off at 10:00 AM on March 29. It sailed to Yarmouth and waited for the other seven. Only three showed up, so the fleet, consisting of four ships, left the next morning for America. These ships were built to carry cargo, not passengers, so there were few comforts. They first sighted land, Cape Sable, on June 6. They arrived at Salem on June 12, but continued to explore the area before permanently anchoring on June 29.
ADAM first settled in Charlestown, Suffolk, MA, trying to eke out an existence with four acres of land. Soon after arriving in this country he had married ANN (BROWN) HUTCHINSON, a widow of probably Thomas Hutchinson, who had come with the Winthrop Fleet. She had four sons and a daughter, who grew up in the HAWKES' household. A child, John, was born but did not survive. In 1633 a smallpox epidemic in the area caused ADAM to begin thinking about moving away from the area and its poor health conditions. Finally, on Jan. 10, 1635/36, he sold the land to N. Easton and J. Sibley.
It is not known exactly when ADAM and ANNE left Charlestown for the more ample agricultural acres of Saugus. In 1638, at the time of the first division of land in Lynn, Essex, MA, he received a grant of one hundred acres, and settled in that part of Lynn, now known as North Saugus, on the homestead which has since been in the family. He was a farmer there.
ADAM chose a rocky knoll for the site of his first home there, later to be known as Close Hill at Hawkes Corner as it had a small field enclosed by a stone wall called a close. A small part of the original home site remains in the ownership of the Adam Hawkes Family Association and a part of the old stone wall still exists. This site although only eight miles from the former home in Charlestown was far up the winding Saugus River with nothing beyond except the wigwams of local indians.
Shortly after the house was built, it was totally destroyed by fire. ADAM built a second house near the site of the first. A few years later, in 1642, an iron works was built just downstream from his property. A dam was built as a power source, which caused a lot of flooding of ADAM's land. In 1688 the Saugus Iron Works went out of business. Eventually the old Iron Works was restored by the American Steel Companies and is now a national historic site.
Apparently, ADAM never took the freeman's oath. This is not suprising as only a minority of men in the early Massachusetts Bat Colony did so. He did serve public office however. On Feb. 24, 1657, he was appointed to a committee to lay out land lots in the community. He was also a juror in 1655 and 1659, and in 1660 served on the grand jury, Essex County, where he was the only person referred to as "mister".
ANN was 75 years old when she died Dec. 4, 1669, in Lynn.
ADAM married, second, Sarah Hooper in June, 1670. She was just 19. She was born Dec. 7, 1650, in that part of Reading which is now Wakefield. She was the oldest living child of 11 born to William and Elizabeth Hooper, a weaver, who had come in the James from London in 1635 at the age of 18.
The following year a daughter, Sarah, was born to ADAM and Sarah, on Jun. 1, 1671. Less than a year later ADAM died at age 67, on Mar. 13, 1671/72. He left an estate valued at over 817 pounds, including 554 acres of land.
Although well provided for, Sarah married a second time, to Samuel Wardwell, son of Thomas and Elizabeth Wardwell. They married Jan. 9, 1672/73. They had six children. Samuel was accused of practicing witchcraft, and was found guilty and on Sep. 22, 1692, was hanged at Gallows Hill, along with seven others, and according to tradition the last ever to be hanged for witchcraft in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
Then, at age 42, Sara herself was accused of witchcraft. Her minor children were taken from here and placed in custody of friends and relatives. Her oldest daughter was accused and acquitted of witchcraft. And the mother-in-law of Sarah, daughter of ADAM and Sarah, was accused of witchcraft. There is no further record of the widow of ADAM HAWKES. Eventually she was released. However the impoverished and miserable conditions she endured in a prison dudgeon must have contributed to an early death.
The Lynn Vital Records list four additional children of ADAM, having been born "before 1660". It is
generally accepted that this is a mistake, and these are actually his grandchildren
|children of ADAM HAWKES and ANN (BROWN) HUTCHINSON|
husband WILLIAM COGGSWELL
wife Rebecca Maverick
wife Sarah Cushman
|child of ADAM HAWKES and Sarah Hooper|
husband Francis Johnson